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Start Here: Langmore, S.E. History of Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing for Evaluation and Management of Pharyngeal Dysphagia: Changes over the Years. Dysphagia. (2017) 32: 27. doi;10.1007/s00455-016-9775-x.

Resources Demonstrating the Need for Instrumental Assessments:

  • Langmore, S.E., Skarupski, K.A., Park, P.S., Fries, B.E. Predictors of aspiration pneumonia in nursing home residents. Dysphagia. 2002; 10.1007/s00455-002-0072-1.
  • Leder, S.B., Espinosa, M.S. Aspiration risk after acute stroke: comparison of clinical examination and fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing. Dysphagia. 2002; 17:214-218.
  • Smith CH, Logemann JA, Colangelo LA, Rademaker AW, Pauloski BR. Incidence and patient characteristics associated with silent aspiration in the acute care setting. Dysphagia 1999; 14:1-7.
  • Langmore, S.E. & Logemann, J.A. (1991). After the clinical bedside swallowing examination: What next? AJSLP, September, 13-20.

Resources Demonstrating the Safety of FEES

  • Nacci A, Matteucci J, Romeo SO, Santopadre S, Cavaliere MD, Barillari MR, Berrettini S, Fattori B.; 2016. Complications with Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing in 2,820 Examinations. ENT, Audiology and Phoniatrics Unit, Department of Neurosciences, University of Pisa, Italy. Folia Phoniatr Logop. 2016;68(1):37-45. doi: 10.1159/000446985. Epub 2016 Jul 26.
  • Warnecke, T., Teismann, I., Oslenber, S., Hamacher, C., Ringelstein, E.B., Schabitz, W.R., & Dziewas, R.; 2009. The safety of fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing in acute stroke patients. Retrieved July 18, 2009 from www.stroke.ahajournals.org.

Resources Describing Information Gained from FEES Examinations

  • Langmore, S., Endoscopic Evaluation and Treatment of Swallowing Disorders. 2001; 120,125.131.Aviv, J.E. Prospective, randomized outcome study of endoscopy vs. modified barium swallow in patients with dysphagia. Laryngoscope. 2000; 100, 563-574.
  • Bax, L., McFarlane, M. Green, E., & Miles, A.  (2014). Speech-language pathologist-led fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing:  Functional outcomes for patients with stroke.  Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 23, 195-200.
  • Leder, S.B., Murray, J.T. Fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing. Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Clinics of North America. Nov 2008;19(4):787-801.
  • Warnecke, T., Ritter, M.A., Kroger, B., Oelenberg, S., Teismann, I., Heuschmann, P.U., Ringelstein, E.B., Nabavi, D.G., Dziewas, R. Fiberoptic endoscopic dysphagia severity scale predicts outcome after acute stroke. Cerebrovascular Disease. July 2009;28(3):283-9

Resources Demonstrating the Role of FEES in Reducing Hospital Re-Admissions

  • Mor, V., Intrator, O., Feng, Z., & Grabowski, D. C. (2010). The Revolving Door of Rehospitalization From Skilled Nursing Facilities. Health Affairs (Project Hope), 29(1), 57–64. doi:10.1377/hlthaff.2009.0629
  • Coleman EA, Min S, Chomiak A, Kramer AM. “Post-Hospital Care Transitions: Patterns, Complications, and Risk Identification.” Health Services Research 2004:37(5):1423-1440.
  • Donelan-McCall, N., T. Eilertsen, R. Fish, and A. Kramer. 2006. Small Patient Pop- ulation and Low Frequency Event Effects on the Stability of SNF Quality Measures. Washington, DC: MedPAC.

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